Himangshu Sarma, Taslima Jahan and Hemanta K. Sharma* Pages 16 - 36 ( 21 )
Background: Cancer is a life-threatening global problem with high incidence rates. Prioritizing the prevention of cancer, chemopreventive agents have drawn much attention from the researchers.
Objective: This review focuses on the discussion of the progress in the development of chemopreventive agents and formulations related to the prevention of oral cancer.
Methods: In this perspective, an extensive literature survey was carried out to understand the mechanism, control and chemoprevention of oral cancer. Different patented agents and formulations have also exhibited cancer preventive efficacy in experimental studies. This review summarizes the etiology of oral cancer and developments in prevention strategies.
Results: The growth of oral cancer is a multistep activity necessitating the accumulation of genetic as well as epigenetic alterations in key regulatory genes. Many risk factors are associated with oral cancer. Genomic technique for sequencing all tumor specimens has been made available to help detect mutations. The recent development of molecular pathway and genetic tools has made the process of diagnosis easier, better forecast and efficient therapeutic management. Different chemical agents have been studied for their efficacy to prevent oral cancer and some of them have shown promising results.
Conclusion: Use of chemopreventive agents, either synthetic or natural origin, to prevent carcinogenesis is a worthy concept in the management of cancers. Preventive measures are helpful in controlling the occurrence or severity of the disease. The demonstrated results of preventive agents have opened an arena for the development of promising chemopreventive agents in the management of oral squamous cell carcinoma.
Biomarker, carcinogenesis, cancer prevention, genomic technique, epigenetic, nanoformulations, nanotoxicity, patent.
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dibrugarh University, Dibrugarh 786004, Assam, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dibrugarh University, Dibrugarh 786004, Assam, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dibrugarh University, Dibrugarh 786004, Assam